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Policy Briefs

Towards an Evidence-Base for the Just Transition

Task Force: Energy, Climate and Sustainable Development
Authors: Dina Azhgaliyeva, Jakob Dirksen, Upalat Korwatanasakul, Rohit Malpani, Katharina Lima de Miranda, Mahesti Okitasari, Dil Rahut, Ashish Sedai, Tetsushi Sonobe, Akio Takemoto
Pubblication Date: May 2024


COP28 yielded consensus on transitioning from fossil fuels in energy systems, emphasising a just, orderly, and equitable approach. Central to this agreement is the principle of “leaving no one behind” (LNOB), which seeks not only to mitigate climate change’s propensity to exacerbate vulnerabilities and poverty across current and future generations, but also to avoid reinforcing existing inequities. This brief delineates emerging issues from the just transition framework and proposes critical actions for the G7. These actions are aimed at fostering effective decarbonisation and promoting a just and equitable energy transition both within the G7 nations and globally.


  • Identify gaps, needs, and opportunities for a just transition through data collection and analysing the relationship between decarbonised actions and socio-economic challenges at the national, international, and transnational levels.
  • Improve governance mechanisms to harmonise climate change policies with socio-economic measures.
  • Enhance support measures for vulnerable populations to ensure equal access to clean energy through evidence-based information.
  • Establish a people- and gender-sensitive monitoring, reporting, and evaluation process. To achieve these four points, we recommend the G7 to invest in multidimensional and distribution-sensitive metrics of well-being and prosperity to inform policies and advance the LNOB agenda.
  • Sustain decent work and reinforce labour rights to mitigate disruptions from the transition.
  • Promote investments in inclusive climate projects and establish financial inclusion regulations.
  • Enhance international cooperation to promote a just and equitable transition in developing countries considering nationally defined development priorities.